Modern Biotechnology (1945-present) The Second World War became a major impediment in scientific discoveries. Biotechnology is technology that utilizes biological systems, living organisms or parts of this to develop or create different products. 2. After the end of the second world … One example of modern biotechnology is genetic engineering. definition: Biotechnology is the integrated use of biochemistry, microbiology and chemical engineering in order to achieve the technological application of the Modern biotechnology makes use of the recombinant DNA technology to genetically modify microorganisms, plants and animals in order to make them more suitable for all kinds of applications, such as cultivating food crops, baking bread, making wine, antibiotics and hormones, xenotransplantation, and gene- and stem cell therapy. Genetic engineering is the process of transferring individual genes between organisms or modifying the genes in an Modern biotechnology continues to make very significant contributions to extending the human lifespan and improving the quality of life through … It also covers the methods of modern biotechnology such as the industrial use of recombinant DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), cell fusion and novel bioprocessing techniques. y (bī'ō-tek-nol'ō-jē), 1. The European Federation of Biotechnology (EFB) has given a definition of biotechnology that encompasses both traditional view and modern molecular biotechnology. Modern Technology needs our eyes on it.Technology changed a lot from what we saw in the last decade or the past century. Biotechnology definition is - the manipulation (as through genetic engineering) of living organisms or their components to produce useful usually commercial products (such as pest resistant crops, new bacterial strains, or novel pharmaceuticals); also : any of various applications of biological science used in such manipulation. The field devoted to applying the techniques of biochemistry, cellular biology, biophysics, and molecular biology to addressing practical issues related to human beings, agriculture, and the environment. Modern biotechnology refers to the manipulation of genome or innate capabilities of organisms for making it more desirable or to synthesis a valuable product. Modern biotechnology can have a dramatic effect on the world economy and society (3). Brewing and baking bread are examples of processes that fall within the concept of biotechnology (use of yeast (= living organism) to produce the desired product). New machines and gadgets are invented to make jobs easier like never before. Modern biotechnology provides breakthrough products and technologies to combat debilitating and rare diseases, reduce our environmental footprint, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, and have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes. This definition covers the traditional techniques of plant breeding, animal husbandry and fermentation, which can trace their roots back thousands of years.